Solidity is the primary language for developing smart contracts on blockchain platforms like Celo. One exciting use case of smart contracts is to implement decentralized games such as a lottery. This challenge focuses on creating a simple lottery contract in Solidity.
Design a smart contract that simulates a simple lottery with the following requirements:
- The contract should allow users to buy lottery tickets by sending a certain amount of Celo (to be specified by you).
- Each time a user buys a ticket, the user’s address is added to a pool of participants.
- The contract should include a function that chooses a random winner from the pool of participants.
- Only the contract owner should be allowed to call the function that chooses the winner.
- When a winner is chosen, the entire balance of the contract should be transferred to the winner, and the pool of participants should be reset.
- Use a dynamic array to store the pool of participants.
- To generate a random number, consider using the hash of the current block number and timestamp.
msg.valueto handle the purchase of tickets.
- Use a
requirestatement to enforce that only the contract owner can pick the winner.
transferfunction can be used to send the contract’s balance to the winner.
- Correctness: The contract should compile without errors and fulfill all the requirements.
- Readability: The contract should be well-documented, with comments explaining the code.
- Testability: You should also provide examples of how to test each function of the contract.
Please note that generating truly random numbers in a deterministic system like Ethereum or Celo is a complex issue, and the method suggested here is not suitable for high-stakes lottery games.
For a comprehensive understanding of Celo smart contracts and Solidity, please refer to the Celo and Solidity tutorials.
Please reply with a link to your PR on GitHub - celo-academy/The-Solidity-Lottery-Building-a-Random-Number-Contract-Coding-Challenge, including your lottery contract. Also, include any notes or comments you think are necessary to understand your design and choices. Lastly, provide a brief explanation about how each function of the contract should be tested.